China is an ancient civilization with a heritage of more than 5000 years. During this period, China has created and perfected its understanding of health preservation methods. This theory integrates the essence of the traditional culture of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism, Traditional Chinese Medicine, combined with the best of traditional martial arts, massage, games, acupuncture, and diet regimen.
The theory of the traditional Chinese life-nurturing exercises holds a different view about physical fitness from that of the Western countries. Its purpose is to build and maintain the self-awareness and habit of body function balances, such as essence (Jing 精), energy (Qi 气), and spirit (Shen 神). The health mechanism represents the harmony between Yin (阴)and Yang (阳) and the movement rules of adjusting Yin and Yang.
Based on ancient Chinese philosophy, Qi is the cosmos’s fundamental essence, origin, foundation, and driving force. Therefore, all human activities are the results of Qi condensing, dissipating, separating, and gathering. The condensation of Qi generates life while its dissipation brings death.
Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine, Qi is a nutrient substance. Within the human body, Qi appears under different names and forms depending on the Qi’s function. For example, the Qi from the parents is called primordial Qi, while the Qi from respiration and food digestion is acquired Qi. The dynamic balance between Qi and blood is based on the relationship between Qi being the commander and the blood the carrier of Qi.
Based on the Qi’s functions, the Qi warms the body, protects the skin, promotes the growth and development of life, defends against pathogens, and regulates bodily fluids.
The body is nourished by metabolic processes and transformation of Jing, Qi, blood, fluids, water. Traditional Chinese Medicine life-preserving exercises direct the Qi to imbalances body parts to harmonize the blood and Qi. Qigong exercises such as Ba Duan Jin involve body movements and breathing techniques that promote metabolism and harmonize the Qi and blood.